August 31, 2016

The Crusades: Salvation or Exploitation

The term crusade describes the campaigns aggravated by the religious factor in the early century periods ranging from 1100-1600 BC. Most if not all, was speared by the East Muslim community (Crabtree, 2008, page 44, 54,248). In the Christian community, the crusades universally served to affirm their faith that in turn converted some non-believers. The other parties involved in the crusade were the heretics, the irreligious or pagans, as well as the persons that embraced the excommunication brand. The brand of excommunication would either be economically, religiously, socially or politically oriented. The prominent emblem of the crusades, whether salvation or exploitative, was the cross. The reason was it was a French rooted word meaning taking up of one’s cross. The rogue preachers in the current society have misemployed the crusade for their selfish interest.

In 1095, Pope Urban II called the first crusade. His aim was to restore the holy lands in the environs of Jerusalem back to the Christian community (Albert & Edgington, 2013, Pp. 289). Without his knowledge, this step sparked a struggle that would last for the next 200 years, after which they failed to reclaim the same. On the other hand, the West of Europe experienced destruction initiated by the Byzantine Empire, which awakened people to exert the wave of attacks on Muslims from Turkey. The war was the cause of the actions of Pope Urban II. Emperor Michael VII sent the pope a request that remained replied. Two decades later, the new emperor requested a helping hand from the current Pope Urban II; thus the crusade was born. The crusade thus became a means to expose the religious piety revealed in the public law.

kingdom-of-heaven-crusaders [1600x1200]

Some participants in the Crusades: either salvation or exploitation, strongly believed that simply by retaking of their Jerusalem city they would be direct candidates for heaven as soon as death bade them welcome. Nevertheless, there was a hot, debatable topic of exact meaning of remission of sin which lasted for the next twenty decades. Pope Urban II launched the first crusade officially announced at the Council of Clermont, to crusade the ‘evil’ Muslims (First Things, 2009). The European Christian princes then began to launch a war in Jerusalem claiming that they wanted their Holy Land.

Launching of the second crusade occurred in 1101 that became quite successful. At last, the Muslim Turks retaliatory attacks defeated crusaders in only three varied battles due to first crusade atrocity (Blanks, 1999, page 224-227). After in-house Muslim wars till 1187, they finally embraced Saladin as their leader. This Muslim Union created a single formidable state. Under his direction, he easily overthrew the Crusaders and renowned Jerusalem in September the same year through breaching of the Holy Land walls. The glad tidings of the Saladin victories only served as shockwaves in the entire European family.  The shockwave was so much that the current pope died out of heart attack on reception of the news. In the seventh crusade, the Khwarezmian army stormed and overtook Jerusalem. France being in alliance with the unbeatable army, quickly used their combined efforts to defeat the enemy in raging wars within two-day battle.

In conclusion, the crusade has sparked the unending Muslim-Christian war in the aim of possessing the Holy Land. The crusades have served but to depopulate the human community whose individual life is precious as the other. The crusade should, therefore, be used purposefully for the salvation of the entire human family without prejudice, with a minimal exploitation of the ignorant. The value of life tagged by the Christian or Muslim reference materials: Bible and Quran respectively, should engulf peace and harmony for united coexistence (Qutb & Sayyid, 2000, pages 223-246).

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